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Corona Virus Information

30 January 2020
Corona Virus Information

Per the CDC

  • The 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is a new virus that causes respiratory illness in people and can spread from person-to-person. This virus was first identified during an investigation into an outbreak in Wuhan, China.
  • The first infection with 2019-nCoV in the US was reported on January 21, 2020. The current count of cases of infection with 2019-nCoV in the United States is available on the CDC’s webpage:


How 2019-nCoV Spreads

  • The exact way the virus is spread is not yet fully known. With similar coronaviruses (MERS and SARS) person-to-person spread is thought to have happened mainly via respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes, similar to how the flu and other respiratory viruses spread.
  • There also may be some spread when a person touches a surface or object that has live virus on it and then touches his or her own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Common human coronaviruses, as in typical Influenza, usually present as mild to moderate upper-respiratory-tract illnesses, such as the common cold. These illnesses usually only last for a short time; symptoms may include:
  • Runny nose
  • Headache
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Fever
  • A general feeling of being unwell
  • Human coronaviruses can sometimes cause lower-respiratory-tract illnesses, such as pneumonia or bronchitis. This is more common in people with cardiopulmonary disease, people with weakened or compromised immune systems, infants and older adults.
  • During you assessment ask the patient if they have traveled to or been in contact with anyone who has traveled to China specifically the Wuhan area in the last 14 days.

Precautions for Responders

  • The CDC recommends N-95 or P100 with eye protection
  • N-95 and higher levels of respiratory protection require fit testing
  • Eye protection should be face shield or goggles
  • Surgical masks with plastic eye lenses are not appropriate  PPE
  • If possible and tolerated, place a surgical mask on the patient to minimize exposure
  • Use a clean, non-sterile, long-sleeved, fluid-resistant gown
  • Gloves
  • Use either single-use, disposable equipment or dedicated equipment to decontaminate. If equipment needs to be shared among patients, clean and disinfect between each patient using ethyl alcohol (70%) or bleach solution (ratio of ¼ cup of bleach in a gallon of water)
  • Hand washing
  • Minimize patient contact in poorly ventilated areas
  • Disinfect the ambulance with bleach solution
  • Routinely clean and disinfect patient-contact areas

-Remember, a non-rebreather on your patient helps to eliminate their respiratory droplets.


  • The World Health Organization (WHO) and the CDC are working to identify and contain this outbreak and stop the spread of this coronavirus.
  • Keep up on the latest reports from the CDC and WHO.
  • Media Reports may not be accurate
  • Follow standard PPE and disinfecting guidelines to protect yourself from Influenza and this coronavirus
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